A History of Hyde Abbey In 1110AD the Benedictine monks of New Minister moved their library, relics and the bodies of King Alfred, his wife Alswitha and son, Edward the Elder to the newly built Hyde Abbey to the north of the city of Winchester. Alfred the Great had intended to build the monastery, but only got around to buying the land.His son, Edward the Elder, finished the project according to Alfred's wishes, with the help of Saint Grimbald who became its first abbot.It stood so close to the Old Minster that the voices of the two choirs merged with chaotic results. Please complete the captcha to let us know you are a real person. Select a place on the map to place the pin. Meanwhile, at the upper level, a female pelvis was found which proved to be of the late medieval period. Search for an exact birth/death year or select a range, before or after. The year 2010 marked the nine hundredth anniversary of the establishment of Hyde Abbey and the arrival in Hyde of the bones of the Wessex Royal family of King Alfred the Great, his wife Alswitha and their son King Edward. Becoming a Find a Grave member is fast, easy and FREE. A gravestone recording the names was first inserted in … Other stones from the abbey were used to build the church tower. Canon Cliff Bannister and the support of the University of Winchester a Grave Investigation Group (made up of a doctor, a scientist, a lawyer, a journalist, a local studies librarian, an artist and an archaeologist) undertook the complicated tasks of drawing up a proposal to persuade the Diocesan authorities to give approval for the exhumation and testing of the bones. But this too was not to be Alfred’s final resting place. For he had translated unknown numbers of books from rhetorical Latin speech into his own language – so variously and richly, that his book of Boethius would arouse tearful emotions not only in those familiar with it but even in those hearing it for the first time. To be fair, these plots were not productive, so there was no financial benefit in retaining them (Grover 103, 119). Born in 849, as the youngest son of King Ethelwulf, he was never expected to become king. In 1109 Henry I ordered the New Minster to be removed to the suburb of Hyde Mead, to the north of the city walls, just outside the gate; when the new abbey church of Hyde was consecrated in 1110, the bodies of Alfred, his wife Ealhswith, and his son Edward the Elder were carried in state through Winchester to be interred once more before the high altar. ... As there were no other burials at … Despite suffering from the effects of civil war, fires and the Black Death the Abbey survived for more than four hundred years. He compounded this by planting obviously fraudulent lead tablets purporting to be from the tenth century into the ground by way of authentication. Hyde Abbey, gatehouse, Winchester Romanesque capital from the abbey church Hyde Abbey was a medieval Benedictine monastery just outside the walls of Winchester, Hampshire, England. If you have questions, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. The lead, in its decayed state, sold for two guineas; the bones were thrown about and the stone coffin broken into pieces. Four years later, when the famous antiquary John Leland visited the site in 1542 the Abbey was already a thing of the past. In addition, there was one individual who dated from around the year 1100 indicating that he could have been amongst the first cohort of monks who moved from New Minster to Hyde Abbey. Your new password must contain one or more uppercase and lowercase letters, and one or more numbers or special characters. The ‘great abbaye’ was no longer there. None of this impressed the local gentry and he was derided as being a charlatan. Please contact Find a Grave at email@example.com if you need help resetting your password. A system error has occurred. When the new abbey church of Hyde was consecrated in 1110, the bodies of Alfred the GReat, his wife Ealhswith, and his son Edward the Elder, were carried in state through Winchester to be interred once more before the high altar. In Spring 2013 approval was given for the Hyde900 project to go ahead and on Monday 25th March, in the presence of a BBC film crew, the grave was opened by a team from the University of Winchester led by Dr. Katie Tucker. There they remained until Bishop William Giffard removed the New Minster to Hyde, in 1110. A ruined Hampshire abbey which was the burial place of Alfred the Great has been awarded lottery funding to … Several generations have attempted to resolve ‘once and for all’ what had happened to the remains of Alfred and his family and to have a clear understanding of the state of the site. Subsequently Howard reported what he had been told: “A great stone coffin was found, cased with lead both within and without, and containing some bones and remains of garnets. Over the next 25 years Alfred turned the tide on the invaders, drew up secure borders with the Danelaw (the area occupied by the Vikings) and re-built the foundations of the Anglo-Saxon state, military and legal infrastructure. This all changed, however, in 1788 when the land was taken over by the county authorities as they site of a small local prison or ‘bridewell’. Verify and try again. But there were also a number of exhibitions organized, books written and published, literary groups established, concerts held and social events set-up. Andrew Napier of the Hampshire Chronicle and Tom Whipple of The Times also both played a significant part in the story. As Professor Martin Biddle commented, “The news that one of the human bones found during the CityMuseum’s excavations at Hyde Abbey in 1999 dates to the time of King Alfred or his son King Edward the Elder is very exciting.”. When it came to an examination of the choir and altar area of the church, the excavators were able to get a better understanding of the possible location of the royal graves. This was the critical point when the Royal bones – along with many others – were wrenched from the relative security of their graves, disarticulated and exposed to the rough elements. An historical digest to mark the announcement of the results of the investigation of the remains found in the ‘unmarked grave’ of St. Bartholomew, Hyde and elsewhere on the site of Hyde Abbey in Winchester The text on this page is taken from the exhibition ‘The Search for Alfred the Great’. The service in the abbey was attended by King George V, senior members of the armed forces and also 100 women who had lost their husbands and all their sons in the conflict. Hyde900 is supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund, Find out more about the stones of Hyde Abbey, view the individual exhibition panels here, download the complete exhibition here (PDF, 8MB), Map of the archaeology in the Hyde Abbey precinct, Bookings now open for the 2020 Hyde900 Community Dig, defeating in battle and then turning the tide on the pagan Viking invaders who threatened to take-over all the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, stabilizing Wessex and establishing it as a base from which his son and grandson could then progressively unite England, re-invigorating learning in England following the depredations of the Vikings, promoting the use of the English language for government and scholarship, weaving England back into the political and cultural network of western European, establishing an effective system of Royal administration, the development of a network of sustainable and defensible ‘burghs’ to thwart invaders, the organization of the local defence forces on a half-on/half off basis to ensure that both military and agricultural duties could be met, the establishment of a naval defence force, the recruitment of scholars and educators to come from the Continent to settle in England (including Saint Grimbald , the first abbot of New Minster later Hyde Abbey), making it mandatory for all free young mean to learn how to read, extensive translations of key Latin texts into English, the negotiation of peace treaties with the Viking which were relatively sustainable. The bridewell, however, was not to last long. Your password must be at least 8 characters, Please check the I'm not a robot checkbox, If you want to be a Photo Volunteer you must enter a ZIP Code or select your location on the map. Judge Christopher Clark, Q.C. In 1110, his body was transported to the new Hyde Abbey, along with those of his wife and son, just outside the city walls. Hyde900, which was set up in 2010 to mark the 900th anniversary of the founding of Hyde Abbey, Alfred's burial place, expects to start work soon, the … Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. It was also a pilgrim's place in its own right. Take Hyde Street from North Walls (B3040), then turn onto King Alfred Place. The email does not appear to be a valid email address. It was dissolved and demolished in 1538 following orders of King Henry VIII to destroy Catholic churches as well as the dissolution of monasteries and abbeys. In 1110, his body was transported to the new Hyde Abbey, along with those of his wife and son, just outside the city walls. The spreadsheet upload feature is disabled during this preview version of Find a Grave. As well as resolving a long-running debate it was an exciting find in its own right. The convicts themselves were put to work digging the foundations and in doing so – or maybe in reburying materials from other parts of the site – they started to come across a number of subterranean graves from across the abbey site. The bones were taken to the University of Winchester and stored until August when permission was given by the Diocese for Dr. Katie Tucker, to clean and examine the bones and prepare them for radiocarbon dating, This was to be undertaken by Dr. Tom Higham of the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit at the University of Oxford. A wide range of activities followed including, notably, a re-enactment of the procession which brought the royal bones to Hyde. There is a problem with your email/password. So while the ‘Search for Alfred the Great’ was not over a major clue had been found as evidence that his remains were not lost for ever. Narrow your results to famous, Non-Cemetery Burials, memorials with or without grave photos and more. Following the demolition of the Old Minster to make way for the new Norman Cathedral it was determined that New Minster too should be removed. Institutionally, we are grateful to the University of Winchester, Winchester City Council, the Diocese of Winchester, the Friends of Hyde Abbey Garden and, of course, the BBC for their involvement in a variety of ways. But the lower eastern area, adjacent to the stream, seems to have been largely turned over to rough grazing although there are indications that it was also heaped with mounds of rubble. Other parts of the abbey precinct were developed, notably the south west corner which became a grand house. One especially keen reader was a somewhat eccentric antiquarian, John Mellor, a ‘historian and strolling student’ as he described himself in the census. Enter a valid email address and a feedback message. The overseer of this horror was a man named Page (the Keeper of the bridewell). You need a Find a Grave account to add things to this site. It was decided that a number of these bones should also be tested by Professor Higham. You'll pass St Bartholomew's church before you reach the gateway. Between 1995 and 1999 a community project – culminating in ‘The Search for Alfred’ – was led by the Winchester Museum Service. Alfred the Great's remains were buried in Hyde Abbey in 1110. Hyde Abbey is located just outside the old northern gates of Winchester, an easy stroll from the city centre. For 250 years – from 1538 until 1788 – the choir end of Hyde Abbey, where Alfred and his family members lay buried – was gradually forgotten about. This account has been disabled. The convicts themselves were put to work digging the foundations and in doing so, they started to come across a number of subterranean graves from across the abbey site. the Chancellor of the Diocese of Winchester; Professor Tom Higham, University of Oxford; Helen Rees of Winchester Museum Service; Peter Bogan, local Hyde historian; Alys Blakeway, churchwarden of St. Bartholomew, Hyde; Chris Granlund of the BBC; Joe Low, photographer; Lorraine Curtis of Hyde Parish Hall. We were unable to submit your feedback at this time. the establishment of the New Minster as the dynastic church of the Alfredian Royal family. Please enter at least 2 characters. St Bartholemew’s Hyde They moved to a location just outside the city walls, Hyde Mead, thus founding the Abbey of Hyde. ALFRED THE GREAT was a pivotal and landmark figure in English history, proving to be a towering figure in both war and peace. But exactly where was not clear. The results which followed finally resolved the ‘Mystery of the Unmarked Grave’. It is a magical, spiritual place and it rubs off on those who live there. His corpse was then moved twice, ending up across town in Hyde Abbey. Hyde Abbey Gatehouse Here we enter the realm of speculation. Thanks for your help! And, in the absence of anything but intuition, they did not discount the possibility that they might indeed be those of Alfred and his family. His impact on the story create waves and then ripples which are still felt today. When the new abbey church of Hyde was consecrated in 1110, the bodies of Alfred the GReat, his wife Ealhswith, and his son Edward the Elder, were carried in state through Winchester to be interred once more before the high altar. Mellor was inspired by the Liber Hyda and also Dr. Milner’s account of the chaotic and disgraceful 1788 excavation to venture into the murky ground of ‘searching for Alfred’. This photo was not uploaded because this cemetery already has 20 photos, This photo was not uploaded because you have already uploaded 5 photos to this cemetery. This ranged extensively over the whole site of Hyde Abbey (not just the abbey church) and achieved significant results in clarifying details about the abbey buildings. Extensive correspondence in the Hampshire Chronicle, much of its hostile, commented on his activities. In no particular order, missing English Kings and Queens and some other notables— King Harold and many other Saxon kings and queens. William Williams of St. Bartholomew Church who were intrigued by the fact that bones from the abbey had been discovered. The key mover was Alfred Bowker, Lord Mayor of Winchester from 1897 to 1898, who was responsible for the installation of the statue of King Alfred in the Broadway and also heavily involved in the 1901 Millennium celebrations for Alfred. However, with the start of the English Reformation under Henry VIII, the abbey’s days were numbered. A variety of grandiose proposals were made for the burial of the bones but in the end, due to their uncertain provenance, they were deposited in a brick-lined vault, with two stone slabs covering it, under a ledger stone with a cross but no other markings or names. One of the problems that Mellor faced – in common with his successors who sought for Alfred – was that whilst there was information about the site, it was incomplete, inconsistent and sometimes downright misleading. The potential for further scientific research was considerable but historically and emotionally it was inspirational to have discovered residents of Hyde from so long ago. ... Cromwell took the reins of power until his death in 1658 and was buried in Westminster Abbey. Many visitors to Winchester expressed their shock and indignation. As a result Hugh Wyeth, owner of one of the breweries in Hyde Street and the churchwarden of St. Bartholomew’s, was instructed by the Revd. There were also two other coffins and no more found in this part, which were also broke for the sake of the garden in which they lay, broken up and buried as low as the spring.”. We do know that Alfred the Great, his wife and children, including his direct heir Edward the Elder, were buried at the Benedictine monastery of Hyde Abbey, immediately outside the Winchester city walls. One observer was the local Catholic priest Dr. Milner who wrote:“Miscreants couch amidst the ashes of our Alfreds and Edwards…..In digging for the foundations of that mournful edifice [the bridewell] at almost every stroke of the mattock or spade some ancient sepulchre was violated, the venerable contents of which were treated with marked indignity, A great number of stone coffins were dug up, with a variety of curious articles, such as chalices, patens, rings, buckles, the leather of shoes and boots, velvet and gold belonging to chasubles and other vestments as also the crook, rims and joints of a beautiful crozier, double gilt.”The only remaining building today is the 15th century gatehouse, which stood between the inner and outer courts of the abbey precincts. He dug there and was successful in turning up a number of skeletal remains which were and put on display on the site and exposed to the shocked gaze of local worthies. Armed with a copy of the plan drawn up by Captain Howard, Mellor felt confident that he could rediscover the bones of the Royal House of Wessex and, as he put it, ‘gaze upon the skeleton of the much loved and venerable Saxon warrior, the bravest of England’s sons.”. Following two years of work and discussion with various partners – and against a background of renewed national interest in royal bones following the discovery of Richard III in Leicester – a ‘faculty petition’ (that is, a request for permission) was submitted to His Hon. An unmarked grave is exhumed at the Winchester church where the remains of King Alfred the Great are thought to be buried. So, under the auspices of Henry 1st (whose wife was a descendant of Alfred), land was acquired in Hyde to the north of the city and in 1110 the royal remains were carried with great pomp and reverence to their new resting place for reburial before the high altar of the abbey church. At the same time as this analysis was taking place Dr. Tucker took the opportunity to re-examine some of the human remains which had been found (but never carbon dated) by the 1999 ‘Search for King Alfred’ community dig. They took all of their books and relics with them, including the bodies of Alfred the Great, his wife Ealhswith who died in 905 and of their son King Edward the Elder in 924. Yet however foolish Mellor might have been, there were some people, including the Revd. 2. Their royal presence made Hyde Abbey a popular pilgrimage destination. In the first half of the 19th century understanding gradually spread of what had happened on the Hyde Abbey site. To upload a spreadsheet, please use the old site. ... before being moved again to Hyde Abbey in 1110. This made it definitely a ‘New Minster’ bone – the first ever to be found and identified. The remains had been discovered in a previous dig near the location of the high altar at Hyde Abbey between 1995 and 1999. Twenty years later a literary event was to set off a train of events which culminated in the construction of the ‘Unmarked Grave’. Now reader say, ‘O, Christ Our Redeemer, save his soul.’”, (From the tenth century account of Ealdorman Aethelweard). She was the ‘star’ of the show in so many respects. For over three years members of Hyde900 put in a vast amount of work to bring this project to fruition. Ten years later Page was to provide a detailed account of what happened in the area of the Royal graves (before the altar) to a visiting antiquary, Captain Henry Howard who drew up a rough plan of the east end of the church as a record of the lay-out. Hyde Abbey was a medieval Benedictine monastery just outside the walls of Winchester, Hampshire, England. But the great King and his family remained. It is worth visiting St Barts to see 5 nicely carved capitals from the abbey church. It is known as the burial place of Alfred the Great. We’ve updated the security on the site. By this time public interest in King Alfred had soared on a wave of imperial idealism and, with the approach looming of the thousandth anniversary of his death (mistakenly to be believed to be 901 although actually it was 899), Winchester worthies decided to revisit the grave site. English However, in the decades after 1066, as the new Norman regime entrenched itself, space was at a premium in the centre of Winchester. William of Malmesbury records that Alfred was first buried in the Cathedral, that is The Old Minster, because his monastery, the New Minster, was unfinished. Their royal presence made Hyde Abbey a popular pilgrimage destination.In 1141, the church suffered damage when Winchester was burned during The Anarchy between supporters of King Stephen and Matilda, and it had to be substantially rebuilt. Above all our thanks to our neighbours and the local community of Hyde, Winchester. The significance of this could not be overstated. In order to mark the occasion a group of local residents set up Hyde900 as a community-based charity to organize a wide series of events to celebrate the history of the area, its environment and the character of its residents. Frances Hyde, Countess of Clarendon (25 August 1617 – 8 August 1667), born Frances Aylesbury, was an English peeress. See also Poets' Corner - Westminster Abbey References. New Minster had been built in the years 899-904 in the centre of the city – close to where the cathedral is today – as the final resting place of King Alfred the Great (reigned 871-899), his wife Alswitha, his son King Edward and other members of the Royal House of Wessex. In the which tomb there was of late found two little tables of lead, inscribed with their names.”. Above all, the dedication and thoroughness of Dr. Katie Tucker was exceptional. One observer was the local Catholic priest Dr. Milner who wrote: “Miscreants couch amidst the ashes of our Alfreds and Edwards…..In digging for the foundations of that mournful edifice [the bridewell] at almost every stroke of the mattock or spade some ancient sepulchre was violated, the venerable contents of which were treated with marked indignity, A great number of stone coffins were dug up, with a variety of curious articles, such as chalices, patens, rings, buckles, the leather of shoes and boots, velvet and gold belonging to chasubles and other vestments as also the crook, rims and joints of a beautiful crozier, double gilt.”, [The crozier is almost certainly the one now held by the Victoria & Albert Museum]. Please check your email and click on the link to activate your account. "Burials and memorials in Westminster Abbey." First buried in Winchester cathedral in 899, Alfred's remains were moved to the newly formed Hyde Abbey nearby, along with Edward and Alswitha, his wife, in 1100. The Abbey was finally dissolved in 1538 when John Salcot, the last Abbot of Hyde surrendered the Abbey to Thomas Wriothesley, Henry VIII’s Commissioner for the dissolution of Hampshire’s monasteries. Burial places often known but no tombs remain above ground. In 1866 was published The Chronicle and Chartulary of Hyde Abbey – otherwise known as The Book of Hyde (the Liber Monasterii de Hyda) – which collected together a large number of ancient documents – ranging from copies of King Alfred’s will through to an account of Anglo-Saxon history and grants of land to New Minster – in an unprecedented way. based on information from your browser. As a noted sceptic of Mellor’s efforts (he once observed, scathingly, that he was surprised that Mellor had not also discovered the infamous burnt cakes) he was nonetheless keen to bring greater clarity to the site. The abbey of the Holy Trinity, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and St. Peter of the New Minster in Winchester was founded in 901 by Edward the Elder in accordance with the wishes of his father King Alfred. "Famous People & The Abbey", Westminster Abbey; The Church Monuments Society Adjoining the gateway is a medieval barn containing 12th century stonework. This revealed, stacked neatly, a large collection of bones including those which appeared to feature in the photographs of Mellor’s finds. Some commentators have suggested that it was intended to become the dynastic mausoleum of the Alfredian family akin to the church of St. Denis outside Paris for the Kings of France or the Sainte Chapelle in Aachen for Charlemagne. He married Ealswitha of Mercia in 868, and succeeded his brother Aethelred in 871. It was dissolved and demolished in 1538. Alfred was on the move again. A new chapter has opened in the fascinating, posthumous story of King Alfred the Great. Collectively these findings indicated an important group from the medieval era who represented a fascinating link with the history of the Abbey. Special characters are not allowed. In the absence of modern carbon-dating techniques he had no way of distinguishing one group from the other. So by the end of 1788 the royal bones were probably smashed in part, scattered and reburied to the level of the water-table. The last few months of 1866 and the beginning of 1867 marked a time of deep controversy in Winchester caused by the antics of John Mellor which cast an adverse shadow over subsequent investigations. Please reset your password. 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