Another key to a full blown hatch is weather. Floating Nymph . These bugs are too big for the fish to ignore. If there was a prime time of year for a fly angler to fish the Arkansas that time would be now through May, during the Mother’s Day Caddis Hatch. Montana Fly Fishing Hatches – Summer Time Hatches Something raised my eyebrows and it’s probably just an oversight but…….Our Mother’s Day caddis here in Montana (I’m over in Clinton, by Missoula) are Brachycentrus Occidentallis……………………not Brachycentrus Americanus like your article states. apt to hatch any time of day, more common in the pm - tan elk hair caddis - tan emerger: Olive Caddis : Peak late May through August - waning in September: Actually several species grouped together. Fifty-four that’s the magic number, burn that one into your brain. Time of Day : Mayfly, Blue Winged Olive (Beatis) Nymph : Crystal Flash Nymph . Your email address will not be published. It’s almost that special time of year when the fish can go crazy eating olive-bodied caddis for a few days on the Yellowstone before the river blows out. Our main focus is on the Missouri this time of year with consistent nymph fishing for trophy trout. I had one day when the river looked good, but no fish were rising. Your email address will not be published. The first of these random emergers often reaches the surface safely because trout are not conditioned to the occurrence, but soon fish take notice of the hatch. Caddis Fly selection this time of year can vary in size but not so much in color. Pulling away more rocks from the stone house, the pupa becomes more visible. But you better be ready! He stood at Muleshoe Bend, a bow in the Firehole just upstream from the audacious oranges, yellows, and 200-degree teals of Grand Prismatic Spring. “The Mothers Day Caddis hatch has started on the Yellowstone River!” Words that send chills up every anglers neck. On an April day, blue-winged olives will begin to hatch on cloudy days at around 40 degrees. When it does go off though, it can make for some of the best dry fly fishing of the entire year with caddis so thick that it can look like it is Hi guys….I was just flipping through some websites and read your article on Mother’s Day Caddis. (only a couple times per year). This is a hatch chart for the North Georgia Mountains area. Copyright © 2005 - 2020 Montana Fly Fishing Guides. Fortunately for fly anglers Brachycentrus occidentallis (Mothers Day Caddis) has a prolonged emergence which can last many hours during mid-day and additionally last many days. Your email address will not be published. Caddis” Gary Lafontaine himself. Browse our site to learn how we can provide you with a great Montana fly fishing trip next season. I pulled out my Idaho trout box, and Andres pointed to a size 12 Elk-hair Caddis … They seal off the case opening and pupate to their next phase of life. October Caddis are available to trout as a dry fly at three key times – just after hatching, during windy days, and when females lay their eggs. Caddis hatches on Wisconsin's spring creeks can be very heavy and often last for months providing some of the best and most dependable fishing of the year. The particular hatches on the Yellowstone and Madison Rivers are some of the most prolific anywhere. If you’d like to learn more about this technique search “Leisenring Lift”, consult Gary Lafontaine’s Caddisflies or Dave Hughes Wet Flies. We also recommend a few smaller caddis in sizes #16 and #18 to fish during non-hatch … Each year about this time a great natural wonder happens. The hatch will not begin if the water temperature is bellow 50-55 F (10-13°C). Caddis pupa swims to the surface prior to emergence and a soft lift of the rod tip before recasting will often illicit violent strikes. The back of the pupae opens and out crawls a winged adult. The Mother’s Day Caddis are actively hatching, so lots of pupae are in the water. A customer contacted me this year to see if I could tie up a few new-to-me October Caddis pupa flies. During an amazing caddis hatch on the Madison River some time ago, I happened upon fly fishing’s foremost caddis expert who is now sadly no longer with us, “Mr. Nonetheless, a caddisfly pattern can be used as an attractor dry fly. In fact, I’ve seen several flitting around lately and thought it might be a good time to provide an update to the blog post I wrote in previous years. I was fishing and looked down to see a large number of caddis cases … big caddis cases … attached to a rock partially submerged in the water. While on the river a couple of years ago, I took several photos of October Caddis still in their cases. Water temperatures gather life en masse as the river flows reach the 50s. You’ll find an occasional fish come up hard and take this size 8 fly. It’s run-off time on the river. The term Grannom is often associated with this caddis hatch in the East, but I’ve also heard of the Mother’s Day Caddis out West referred to as a “western grannom.” Adult Grannoms, or the dry fly in fly fishing terms, have a black charcoal colored body with dark tannish mottled wings and range from size 14 to 16. Sign up and we’ll get you the latest news and updates about Montana fly fishing, plus special rates, deals, discounts and more! From the Mother’s Day caddis in late spring to evening caddis hatches and spruce moths in summer to October caddis in the fall, hatching caddis make up a large part of a Montana trout’s diet. Finally devoting some time to fish is probably the most important key. January Insects Time of Month Time of Day Flies To Use General Flies All Month All Day 12-18 Prince Nymph 12-18 Hares Ear 12-18 Zug Bug 12-18 Prince Nymph 16-24 Adams Parachute Worms Eg Mother’s Day Caddis Hatch Outlook and Tactics. Phew – that’s a tricky one. 16-18 : Dark Olive or Dark Brown : Slack slow water, back eddies, and slow flats : Mid-day (1:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m.) Emerger : Beatis Soft . Since the hatch is early in the season, and lasts about 3 weeks, the weather at this time of the year (late April and beginning of May) can change drastically from day to day and even hour to hour; therefore, this hatch can be very unpredictable. It’s the caddis fly hatch, a time when the Arkansas River is frosted not with snow but with a multitude of white insects. Bugmeister. Using an adult dry fly with a pupa pattern dropped 24 inches off the back does a great job for both stages at the same time. Be sure to try an October Caddis dry fly along the bank in 2 to 4 feet of water with overhanging grasses, trees, or other vegetation. Fortunately, there are usually remnant Baetis and March Browns around that still bring the trout to the surface. I enjoy blind-casting a dry fly and I’ve had good luck with the Morrish October Caddis or my own RiverKeeper October Caddis. It looked as though someone had collected all of them and left the cases in a pile. Adding to this already favorable advantage to anglers is when the females oviposit (lay eggs) they land on the water’s surface resting for a period while dropping eggs, often succumbing to the waters surface tension and unable to fly away. When fishing the dry/dropper rig or any subsurface set up take care when recasting the flies. Water temperature is the primary catalyst for a blizzard hatch. When this hatch hit full, epic proportions it’s nearly impossible to catch the gorged trout, let alone see which fly is yours! “The Mothers Day Caddis hatch has started on the Yellowstone River!” Words that send chills up every anglers neck. This may add to why so many anglers hold it in such high regard – one last hatch before the rivers flood. Warning Scientific information to follow… Caddis are ubiquitous through out the United States, there are many species and most have an intense, short lived emergence – typically in the evenings. Seam lines off point barbs, rip-rap, and log jams are common examples. Call in sick, use up some vacation time and get on the water sometime between mid-April and the first week of May. Links to Free Old Fly Fishing and Fly Tying Books. Little Black Caddis Too cold and the water temperature will never hit the magic 54-degree water temperatures and anglers will never see a full blown hatch. However, most often the hatch is too sparse to attract their attention. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. On a warm day in early to mid-May, one can sit by the river and watch. Good question. This is an important time for trout to put on some much-needed weight which will sustain them through the annual spring run-off. All fly images from Solitude Fly Company except Adams’ Modified Everything Emerger which is the authors take on the famed Scott Sanchez Everything Emerger. As you can see from the photo above there are so many caddis on the water that caddis dry flies and even normal sized indicators become invisible. But the October Caddis hatch isn’t one of them. Caddis on the water so thick that they formed mats that we called "caddis pizzas", with trout taking bites out of them. The spring hatches start with Baetis (Blue Wing Olives) and March Browns finally culminating with the Mothers Day Caddis hatch. Size range 14-18. I tore into one of the cases and found an October Caddis in its final stage of transforming from a larva into a pupa stage, preparing to swim to the surface and fly away as an adult. Even when they do start feeding, however, the trout seldom rise to grab a natural from the surface. This light nymph rig is set up with two weighted flies with the lead fly between 2 and 4 feet from a small indicator, and no additional weight added to the leader. Two days later, the river looked like this. They build their houses out of the surrounding rocks where they live. Mother’s Day Caddis Hatch Outlook and Tactics. Salmonfly mating is done during the day; they are clumsy crawlers and fliers and they wind up in the water a lot. All Rights Reserved |. As our locals know Montana weather rarely plays fairly and a spring blizzard can certainly lower the water temps and delay the hatch. Though small, trout will eat them if you put it right in front of their faces. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The caddis hatch has arrived. They are known to hatch at night when it’s illegal for us to fish. A full-blown Mothers Day Caddis hatch involves several components, especially on the Yellowstone River. Or simply put its a fly fisher’s dream hatch! … Just sayin…… Have a great day. We always carry several large dry flies (size 4-6) or big indicators (Thingamabobber) and tie a single large Prince Nymph or King Prince 15″ from the dry/indicator. Focus on seam lines where a lot of caddis pupa would concentrate. I pried one off and found the opening closed. Call in sick, use up some vacation time and get on the water sometime between mid-April and the first week of May. You are absolutely correct! Fortunately, if the Yellowstone River blows out the Madison River is a tailwater and tends to keep some clarity. This is a likely spot for trout to hang out and grab a bug or two. At this early stage of the hatch keep your eye out for subtle rises. Upon closer inspection, the caddis cases were attached to the rocks. How exciting would that be? It is definitely Brachycentrus occidentallis here on the Yellowstone as well. In light of what should be one of the best Mothers Day Caddis hatches in the past few years we thought we’d give you the ultimate guide to why this hatch fills so many anglers with anticipation. The October Caddis (Dicosmoecus), otherwise known as the Giant Orange Sedge, hatches in September and October. The 5 flies you need to be successful during the Mother Day Caddis Hatch. A goddard caddis is a great imitation in size #14. The Mother's Day Caddis, often called by its Latin genus Brachycentrus, is the marquee pre-runoff hatch on the Yellowstone and Madison Rivers, and extends into June on any waters that remain clear at this time, though they are seldom important on spring creeks. Eric Adams’ passion for all things fishing began at an early age and he continues to pursue fish on fly around the world. Bonus Technique… If the Mothers Day Caddis hatch goes to epic proportions fishing becomes almost futile. Another season is under way, but it’s not too early to start planning your 2020 fly fishing vacation. Begin now preparing for October Caddis. As an extra bonus, steelhead have been known to rise for an October Caddis pattern. They are a large, tasty meal for Mr. Trout. Springtime will always excite anglers with thoughts of warming days, organizing fly boxes, and the glimpse of the first hatches of the year. After that some of the activity moves to dusk, overnight (especially for caddisflies), or around the clock to dawn. I’ve found that springtime is the best time to get your money’s worth out of a thermometer. (size 16) While this is mostly a stonefly pattern, we tie these small for this hatch. On most streams, caddisflies hatch throughout the day. The first day the hatch came off that year, the trout were so stupid, gorging themselves, that all you had to do was put on an imitation that was a couple sizes bigger than the real bugs and the trout would zero in on it. The Hatch: As springtime temperatures warm in Colorado an emergence of magical proportions occurs within the Arkansas River. There are a few helpful hints when fishing the Mothers Day Caddis hatch. Sizes are from 12 -14. The most important characteristics in fishing a caddis hatch on a local piece of water are size and color; matching these characteristics properly can make or break a day of fly fishing. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Learn how your comment data is processed. Fishing in the middle of a Mother’s Day caddis hatch can be frustrating to say the least! What did that mean? It was called the Miasmic October Caddis Pupa-Emerger. But the October Caddis hatch isn’t one of them. Of course, our local anglers know this well and have eagerly awaited those warmer water temperatures knowing that the trout will eat with abandon during any spring hatch, especially the Mothers Day Caddis hatch. The water type, season, local climate, and time of day will often determine which distinct hatches of caddis species you’ll most likely encounter. Not only is the emergence prolonged, but the actual time it takes for an individual fly to transition from pupae to adult is elongated. While on the river a couple of years ago, I took several photos of October Caddis still in their cases. Depending on location within the State it could vary by a week or so. Required fields are marked *. Alas, traditions die hard. Start your day fishing with a short lease rig. When in doubt try one. As the day progresses and the water temperatures warm switch to a dry rigged with a short dropper of 12-18″. Color ranges from dark olive to bright green. These small caddis or Brachycentrus americanus hatch in huge numbers and are the first really big hatch of the year. October caddis are only on the water during egg laying or the hatch, and both activities occur most heavily during extreme low light. Usually, hours before the main hatch, some caddisflies begin popping out. Here’s a list of some of our favorite imitations (clockwise from large image). Concentrate your fishing to back eddies and foam holes. This hatch usually begins in April, leading Edrington -- owner of the Royal Gorge Anglers shop in Cañon City -- to call it the Arkansas' Tax Day caddis hatch. A huge hatch of small dark caddis happen on most of the western rivers. While a trickle of bugs will hatch prior to the magic water temperature a full hatch needs to hit 54 degrees. Let’s start with the subsurface flies as you’ll be out fishing prior to the hatch anyway… right? Mother's Day Caddis HatchThe famed “Mothers Day Caddis” is just around the corner. Many of our anglers have never experienced how good the spring fishing is in Montana. October Caddis are in the final transitional stage of life as it changes from the larva to a pupa. Most of a caddis’ life is spent in the larval stage inside a case, which they build from small rocks found on the stream bed. Check your fly box and make sure you have a few flies to match the hatch. Frustrating to say the least. He owns Montana Fly Fishing Guides, a well established Montana Outfitting service located in Livingston, Montana. The other great thing is they'll often hatch during the middle of the day, creating a nice bit of dry fly angling while waiting for that evening mayfly hatch. That day he gave a kid from Connecticut, like himself, a few flies and some advice. This technique is mostly lost to new anglers but is time tested method well known to the wet fly anglers of the past. Collected all of them great info and nicely captured images John – thanks put it right in front of faces. For us to fish the Metolius river, in the water during egg laying or the hatch keep your out... With them – thanks in early to start planning your 2020 fly fishing vacation the October (. 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